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Urinary incontinence (UI) is loss of bladder control that results in leakage of urine. It occurs most often during coughing, sneezing, lifting, or exercising. There are many causes of UI including weak or overactive bladder muscles, urinary tract infections, vaginal infection or irritation, constipation, and blockage from an enlarged prostrate in men. Some medicines can cause bladder control problems that last a short time.
The first step in treating incontinence is to see your doctor. Your doctor will treat your concerns seriously and try to ease any discomfort you have about discussing sensitive topics. To determine the cause, your doctor may ask about medicines you take or if you were recently sick or had surgery. Your doctor may also ask for urine and blood tests and tests that measure how well you empty your bladder.
There are different types of urinary incontinence:
Stress Incontinence: This happens when urine leaks as pressure is put on the bladder, for example, during exercise, coughing, sneezing, laughing, or lifting heavy objects.
Urge Incontinence: This happens when people have a sudden need to urinate and aren’t able to hold their urine long enough to get to the toilet in time.
Overflow Incontinence: This happens when small amounts of urine leak from a bladder that is always full. A man can have trouble emptying his bladder if an enlarged prostate is blocking the urethra.
Functional Incontinence: This happens in many older people who have normal bladder control. They just have a problem getting to the toilet because of arthritis or other disorders that make it hard to move quickly.
Today, there are more treatments for urinary incontinence than ever before. Under a doctor’s care, incontinence can be treated and often cured. Even if treatment is not fully successful, careful management can help you feel more relaxed and confident.
Common bladder control solutions include: